Resources

We’ve compiled a range of fact sheets and evidence-based content to help answer your questions about Australia’s oil and gas industry.

Fracking 101

Hydraulic fracturing – also referred to as “fraccing” or “fracking” is a well completion technology and is used to increase the flow of oil and gas to a well, increasing production and reducing the total number of wells needed to develop a resource.

Marine seismic surveys: what you need to know

A marine seismic survey is a method of determining geological features below the sea floor, using a technical process which involves sending sound waves into the rock layers beneath the sea floor and then recording the time is takes for each wave to bounce back as well as measuring the strength of each returning wave. It is the most reliable form of initial exploration for oil and gas and is an essential process in identifying geological features that could contain oil or gas deposits.

Scientific consensus on hydraulic fracturing

Fact-based evidence from independent industry experts about the use of hydraulic fracturing.

Harmony between renewables and natural gas

We all know that increased use of natural gas helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but did you also know that natural gas works hand in hand with renewables like wind and solar?

Oil & gas products and you

Did you know that oil and gas are a key ingredients in the products that we use every day? Find out more about what products oil and gas are used to make.

Myth vs fact: coal seam gas and water

Energy Information Australia compares the myths and facts surrounding coal seam gas and water. Of note, the infographic summarises scientific research in relation to methane, ground water and surface water.

South Australia: a history of safe fracking operations

Find out more about South Australia’s onshore oil and gas operations, including the state’s history of safely using hydraulic fracturing.

Western Australia’s oil and gas benefits 2017-18

Western Australia’s economy benefits enormously from its oil and gas industry, creating local employment opportunities, generating significant royalties and providing affordable gas to its domestic market.

Queensland water

Learn more about water in Queensland.

The Narrabri Gas Project

Learn more about the proposed Narrabri Gas Project in New South Wales, including what the experts are saying about CSG development.

Economic benefits of an onshore Northern Territory natural gas industry

Learn more about the potential economic benefits of an onshore Northern Territory natural gas industry.

South Australia – a history of offshore exploration

Exploration activities have been safely taking place in offshore South Australia waters for more than 50 years.

Petroleum helping Greenpeace stay afloat

Greenpeace has been making waves in the Great Australian Bight, using its diesel-fuelled Rainbow Warrior III ship to protest oil exploration. While the activist organisation is quick to boast the vessel is “as sustainable as possible”, it is still, ultimately, reliant on fossil fuels.

Natural gas and hydrogen

Hydrogen can be used in fuel cells to generate power using a chemical reaction rather than combustion, producing water and heat as by-products. Although not a source of energy itself, hydrogen can store and deliver usable energy like that produced by natural gas. Once this energy is created it can be used in cars, in houses, for portable power and many more applications.

Myth vs fact: natural gas development in the NT

Activist claims that the nation’s oil and gas industry provides minimal employment but maximum environmental harm because of alleged methane leaks. Does this square with reality? Not at all.

China’s Blue Skies Action Plan

Cleaning up China’s air and boosting Australian LNG exports.

Mutual use

Experts agree: Australia’s energy industry can and does successfully co-exist with local industries.

Water use for industry in Queensland

Get the facts on groundwater and its use in Queensland. Understand the volumes, monitoring and beneficial use.

Queensland oil and gas benefits 2017-2018

Queensland’s economy benefits enormously from its oil and gas industry. In fact, an estimated 39,175 direct and indirect full time jobs were supported by the state’s oil and gas industry in the 2017-2018 fiscal year.

For more information and statistics on the sunshine state’s energy industry, check out our fact sheet.

Australia’s investment into understanding onshore drilling & hydraulic fracturing

Since 2011, 14 separate inquiries and investigations have been conducted in Australia into differing aspects of onshore gas activities.

These inquiries and investigations have allowed governments to better understand the science and technology of onshore gas and use of hydraulic fracturing, measure the potential social, health, safety, economic and environmental risks, and form recommendations around industry regulation and ensuring best practice into the future.

Western Australia benefits from oil and gas industry 2018-19

2018/19 update: Western Australia’s economy benefits enormously from its oil and gas industry, creating local employment opportunities, generating significant royalties and providing affordable gas to its domestic market.

Queensland’s oil and gas well snapshot

Queensland has been exploring for and producing oil and gas reserves for more than fifty years. Find out more about hydraulic fracturing in Queensland.

The Burrup Hub

A group of projects to extend the life of existing Woodside-operated facilities on the Burrup Peninsula while creating new energy sources.

Queensland’s oil and gas benefits 2019-20

Queensland’s economy benefits enormously from its oil and gas industry. In the 2019-2020 fiscal year, an estimated 51,735 direct and indirect full time jobs were supported by the state’s oil and gas industry with $718 million generated in wages.

For more information and statistics on the sunshine state’s energy industry, check out our factsheet.

Queensland’s oil and gas benefits 2018-19

Queensland’s economy benefits enormously from its oil and gas industry. In fact, an estimated 37,984 direct and indirect full time jobs were supported by the state’s oil and gas industry in the 2018-2019 fiscal year.

For more information and statistics on the sunshine state’s energy industry, check out our fact sheet.

Induced Seismicity in the Australian context: what you need to know

The claim of induced seismicity has prompted discussion on the safety of hydraulic fracturing, but repeated investigations have found this issue not to be a significant concern in Australia.

This fact sheet investigates the available science and experience in Australia, where hydraulic fracturing has been used in onshore production for more than 50 years.

Western Australia benefits from oil and gas industry 2019-2020

2019/20 update: Western Australia’s economy benefits from its oil and gas industry, creating local employment opportunities, generating significant royalties and providing affordable gas to its domestic market.

High point vents in CSG production

HPVs are valves installed along the highest points of a water gathering pipeline to allow the release, or venting, of small amounts of gas in the water. Operationally, it is important to eliminate gas from the water gathering line to maintain the functionality of the pipeline. Operators are also focused on mitigating the entry of gas into water pipelines to minimise the loss of commodity and reduce fugitive emissions.

What you need to know: Seismic survey report shows industry and fisheries can co-exist

A large-scale experiment conducted by Australian Institute of Marine Science found no evidence that seismic surveys – commonly used in offshore oil and gas exploration – affect the abundance or behaviour of commercially available fish in northwest Australia. We’ve summarised some of the key takeaways and findings from this important research.

Low Emissions Technology – CCS/CCUS

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS), can provide an effective means of reducing carbon emissions from large energy projects without having to make significant changes to energy supply infrastructure. CCS could reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while allowing fossil fuels to be used to generate reliable and affordable power.

Low Emissions Technology

Low emissions technologies offer the next generation of energy solutions that will help deliver lower emissions, reduced costs and new sources
of employment. In September 2020, the Australian Government delivered its first Low Emissions Technology Statement, in which it outlined
priority technologies and economic goals for the future of Australia, and Australia’s energy exports.

Low Emissions Technology – Blue Hydrogen

Clean hydrogen, with near zero emissions, can make a significant contribution to the global pursuit of a lower emissions future. Blue hydrogen, derived from fossil sources, captures and stores carbon emissions through a process called steam-methane reforming (SMR). We’ve summarised the process and benefits of this influential technology.

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